Photo Credit: European Commission … “I think the ultimate fate [of marine plastics] is the deep sea, but we are far from being at equilibrium,” she said. Production is expected to double by 2050. Stemming the tide of plastic entering the world’s waterways and ocean has emerged as a major international challenge. There are 500 times more pieces of microplastic in the sea than there are stars in our galaxy and by 2050 it is estimated there will be more plastic than fish How plastic is damaging planet Earth. The world uses 500 billion plastic cups every year. In 2015 global plastic’s production grew by 3.4% compared to 2014. Ocean gyres pull floating plastic together to form ocean garbage patches. Seventy percent of the mass eventually sinks, damaging life on the seabed. #8: 16 billion disposable coffee cups are used each year. The … They are responsible for the production of 19.5% of plastic used in the world. Since the 1950s about 8 billion metric tons of plastic have been produced. South Australia's ban on single-use plastic cutlery and straws hailed as 'historic', Microplastic pollution devastating soil species, study finds. In 2017, the U.S. produced nearly 35.4 million tons (32 million metric tons) of the stuff, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. Half of the plastics that land in the ocean are less dense than water, meaning that they float. Ten percent is recycled, while 12% is incinerated. The patch holds between 1.1 and 3.6 trillion pieces of plastic float, which weighs 100,000 tons. Hardesty said there were imperfections in the estimates, but they were based on the best available information. The US is has been proactive at regulating the usage of plastic by launching single-use plastic bans throughout major US cities. estimated that in 2016 between 19m and 23m tonnes, 250,000 tonnes of plastic floating on the ocean surface. These are coated with plastic to laminate the inside and use plastic lids. She said she believed the vast majority of plastics were actually accumulating on coastlines. Dr Julia Reisser, a marine biologist at the University of Western Australia’s Oceans Institute, has been researching plastic pollution for 15 years. Hardesty said it wasn’t possible to know how old the pieces of plastic were, or what sort of object they had once been part of. Analysis of ocean sediments from as deep as 3km suggests there could be more than 30 times as much plastic at the bottom of the world’s ocean than there is floating at the surface. The world uses 500 billion single-use plastic bags every year. How much plastic has the world produced cumulatively? Multiple scientific methods were needed to understand the potential impact of plastics on ocean wildlife. An estimate 1,500 plastic bottles end up as waste in landfills or thrown in the ocean every second. But she said the shape of the pieces under a microscope suggested they were once consumer items. 13 billion bottles are used each year in the UK, with just 57% / 7.5 billion being recycled; 1,500 plastic bottles are thrown away every second of every day. t in 2015. By 2020 the number of plastics in the sea will be higher than the number of fish. At least 14m tonnes of plastic pieces less than 5mm wide are likely sitting at the bottom of the world’s oceans, according to an estimate based on new research. 8 million tons of plastic end up in the world’s oceans every 12 months. Much of it gets discarded and eventually ends up in our oceans. However, plastic had a shortcoming: it was non-biodegradable. For the study, the researchers extrapolated the amount of plastic found in their core samples and from research from other organisations to conclude as much as 14.4m tonnes of microplastic was now on the ocean floor globally. US scientists have calculated the total amount of plastic ever made and put the number at 8.3 billion tonnes. According to a report by the United Nations, the world produces roughly 300 million tons of plastic each year and half of it is disposable. One out of every 10 items picked up in an International Coastal Cleanup in 2009 was a plastic bag. Americans alone throw away around 25 billion Styrofoam cups every year. Of the 260 million tons of plastic the world produces each year, about 10 percent ends up in the Ocean, according to a Greenpeace report (Plastic Debris in the World’s Oceans, 2006). Although the exact amount of plastic in the oceans cannot be accurately quantified, it is estimated that 150 million metric tons of plastic circulate the world's oceans. While this may seem a large figure, Hardesty said it was small compared to the amount of plastics likely entering the ocean each year. This is estimated at 2.16%, with 300 million tons of plastic produced annually and approximately 6.5 million tons of plastic waste entering the sea. • Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) from 1950 to 2015 is about 8.6%. Plastic proved to be popular among businesses and consumers, as it was cheap to produce and easily disposable. Our oceans are choking. In the latest paper, the authors note their estimate of the weight of microplastics on the ocean floor is between 34 and 57 times what may be at the surface. Marine plastic debris is one of the most pressing environmental concerns facing the world today. It is estimated that about eight million metric tons of plastic find their way into the world's oceans every year. Plastic pollution is ubiquitous throughout the marine environment, yet estimates of the global abundance and weight of floating plastics have lacked data, particularly from the Southern Hemisphere and remote regions. #9: The world produces more than 14 million US tons of polystyrene (plastic foam) each year. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP) is the largest of five known garbage patches in the world's oceans. While it’s tough to say exactly how much plastic is in the ocean, scientists think about 8 million metric tons of plastic entered the ocean in 2010. This means that 50 per cent of 300 million tons of plastic in use takes thousands of years to be disposed completely after it is used only once. Microplastics are 5mm or less in diameter and are mostly the result of larger plastic items breaking apart into ever smaller pieces. The correct figure is 9%. ‘We need to make sure the big blue is not a big trash pit,’ says the CSIRO’s Denise Hardesty, whose research suggests there could be 30 times as much plastic at the bottom of the ocean than on the surface. “It is useful to give people a sense of the scope and scale that we are talking about,” she said. SBS News explains. It is estimated that 300 million tons of plastic is produced every year, and half of this plastic is used just once and then disposed. This invention, which he named Bakelite, was nothing extraordinary until the 1960s when businesses realized that plastic could be used as packaging material. A plastic bag is used for only 15 minutes on average but can last for a … : the world currently uses millions of tons of polystyrene ( plastic foam ) each year over 500 single-use. Packaging helps save food waste, we throw away around 25 billion Styrofoam cups year... 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